Influence of Welding Frequency on High-frequency Welded Pipe

Welding is critical to the quality of high-frequency welded pipes, and the frequency of high frequency welding has a great impact on welding, because the high-frequency's frequency affects the distribution of current within the steel plate.

The impact of high or low selected frequency of welding mainly acts on affecting the size of the weld heat affected zone. From the welding efficiency, pipe manufacturers should use a higher frequency as far as possible. 100KHz high-frequency current can penetrate 0.1mm ferrite steel, but 400KHz can only penetrate 0.04mm, which means that the current density distribution on the surface of the steel plate of the latter is nearly 2.5 times higher than the former.

In the production practice, pipe manufacturers generally choose 350KHz ~ 450KHz frequency when welding carbon steel material. When welding alloy steel material, and welding more than 10mm thick steel plate, pipe manufacturers can use 50KHz ~ 150KHz low frequency, because the skin effect of chromium, zinc, copper, aluminum and other elements contained by the alloy steel has some differences from steel.

Now, foreign high-frequency equipment manufacturers have mostly used solid-state high-frequency new technology, after setting a frequency range, it will aromatically track and adjust frequency according the thickness of the material, the unit speed, etc when welding.


What is the High-frequency Welding?

High-frequency welding is a welding method that using resistance heat produced by high-frequency current flowing through workpiece serial interface to heat, and in the case of applying forging force, makes the workpiece metal to be interconnected. It is similar to ordinary resistance welding, but there are also many important differences. High-frequency welding for carbon steel pipe production has been 40 years of history. With a larger power supply, high-frequency welding can achieve a higher welding speed (higher than the maximum welding speed of TIG welding more than l0 times) for the different materials, caliber and wall thickness of the steel pipe. So high-frequency welding has a high productivity in the production of general-purpose steel pipe. But high frequency welding speed usually makes removing the burrs difficult. This is also one of the reason why high-frequency welded steel pipe is not accepted yet by the chemical industry and the nuclear industry currently.


The Introduction of Spiral Steel Pipe

Spiral steel pipe, also called SSAW steel pipe or spiral welded spiral pipe, are made by hot rolled strip, it is made by extrusion forming under the normal temperature, and then welded by taking the technology of double wire and double-faced submerged-arc.

During molding process of spiral welded steel pipe, steel plate has uniform deformation and light residual stress, thus the surface has no scratches. Spiral steel pipe has more flexible thicknesses and diameters, especially in making high-grade thick pipes with small or medium aperture, these techniques has incomparable advantages in satisfying your needs.

Spiral steel pipe can be widely used in the production of large diameter spiral tubes for the following reasons:

1) as long as changing the forming angle, we can use the same width of the strip steel to produce a variety of caliber spiral pipe;
2) Since spiral welded steel pipe is formed by the continuous bending, the specified lengths of spiral steel pipe is not limited;
3) The weld in a spiral shape evenly distributed throughout the circumference of spiral steel pipe, so the dimensional accuracy of spiral pipe is high, and its strength is also high;
4) Spiral steel pipe is easy to change the size, so it is suitable for small batch and multi-species production.


Production Process of High Frequency Welded Pipe

The production process of high-frequency welded pipe mainly depends on the variety of products. From raw materials to finished products needs to go through a series of processes, and the completion of these processes requires a variety of mechanical equipment and welding, electrical control, detection devices. These equipment and installation in accordance with the different process requirements a variety of reasonable layout.

Taking ERW steel pipe as an example, typical production process of high frequency welded pipe is shown below:

Uncoiling - Leveling - End cutting - End shearing and butt welding - Spiral loop/accumulator - Edge cutting/Edge milling - Ultrasonic detection - Forming - High frequency welding + Burr removing - Welding seam ultrasonic detection (offline online) + Metallographic examination - Medium frequency heat treatment - Air cooling - Water cooling - Sizing - Fly cutting - Flush out - Cutting/Cropping - Flattening testing - Straightening - End facing and bevelling - Hydrostatic testing- Ultrasonic detection for welded seam and pipe end - Marking and coating - Finished product

ERW Steel Pipe Specifications

Some novices don’t know ERW tubes standards, when they try to buy steel pipe for the first time, they usually feel puzzled. So, there is a brief introduction of Prime’s ERW steel pipes specifications for all of you, including application, specification, standard & grade, end, surface, and packing.

The application of ERW steel pipe:

For low pressure fluid transmission, such as water pipelines, agriculture & irrigation (water mains, sewerage systems,industrial water lines, ;ant piping, deep tube-wells & casing);
For machinery manufacturing, such as engineering purpose, fencing, scaffolding, line pipes etc.;
For Gas pipe lines (pipe lines for natural gas), LPG and other non-toxic gas.

The specification of ERW steel pipe provided by Prime Steel Pipe:

OD (Outside Diameter): 21.3mm ~ 660mm
WT (Wall Thickness): 1mm ~ 17.5mm
Length: 0.5mtr ~ 22mtr (5.8/6/11.8/12 meters, SRL(Single the length, the nominal length is 40FT, 12m), DRL(Double the length, The nominal length is 20FT, 6m))

The standard & grade of ERW steel pipe:

The standard and grade provided by Prime Steel Pipe is ASTM A53 and Grade A/B/C.
ASTM A53 is a carbon steel alloy, used as structural steel or for low-pressure plumbing. The alloy specifications are set by ASTM International, in specification ASTM A53/A53M. A53 pipe comes in three types and two grades, A53 Type F, which is longitudinally furnace butt welded or continuous welded (Grade A only), A53 Type E, which is longitudinally electric resistance welded (Grades A and B), and A53 Type S, which is seamless pipe, produced by hot working, and possibly cold finishing, the steel (Grades A and B).

Grade A/B/C Chemical Composition

Chemical composition
C maxSi max Mn max P max S max
Grade A0.140.040.90 0.0350.040 
Grade B0.170.040.90 0.0350.040 
Grade C0.240.040.90 0.0350.040 

Grade A/B/C Mechanical Properties
SymbolYield point min MPaTensile strength MPaElongation in 2 in.(50mm)%
Grade A165310-45030 min
Grade B185345-45028 min
Grade C205380-51525 min

The End of ERW steel pipe:

Square Ends/Plain Ends (straight cut, saw cut, torch cut), Beveled/Threaded Ends

The surface of ERW steel pipe:

Bare, Lightly Oiled, Black/Red/Yellow Painting, Zinc/Anti-corrosive Coating

The packing of ERW steel pipe:

Bundled/In Bulk, Plastic Caps Plugged, Waterproof Paper Wrapped